Complete Mechanical Engineering Job Description | Pros and Cons | Salary
Mechanical engineering: A field of engineering that mostly deals with mechanics and comes with three primary specializations (energy, manufacturing and design mechanics).
Overview: What a Mechanical engineer actually does?
Mechanical engineers provide solutions to our problems, contributing a big share to the implementation and design of the moving parts of almost all industries present today.
Mostly, mechanical engineers are seen applying their knowledge of mechanics in different areas like building and designing machines and tools to help solve problems in our daily lives. The machines may be incorporated in your buildings like the elevators, or your everyday life types of equipment such as refrigerators, dishwashers, etc. Mechanical engineers apply their knowledge in difficult/mind-boggling areas to come up with great solutions varying from small designs to large pieces of equipment. They are also responsible for many inventions in this world that have made our life’s much easier.
Mechanical Engineers need to be creative mechanical engineers, that means they need to be qualified enough to deal with all the stages of research and the final commissioning with excellence and innovation.
Duties and Responsibilities
Mechanical engineering being a comparatively broader field, the duties a mechanical engineer can be assigned have a large variety too.
The tasks that a mechanical engineer is assigned are to:
- Design cost-effective systems; meeting needs and requirements
- Carry out full product development life cycles(design, develop, examine prototypes, assemble, execution)
- Be able to identify, formulate effective and efficient models for emerging problems
- Estimate the scope, budget, effectiveness, time-constraints, safety issues for any project
- Recommend modifications to enhance the product
- Develop projects with colleagues that are mechanical engineers and more importantly linking with professionals from other disciplines.
- Using Computer-Aided-Design/modeling software and other modern technologies
- Be engaged in a life-long learning where they come with new efficient ideas, methods, and theories.
- Keep in mind the repute of the product and the company by complying with the international, national, and the company’s policies.
Educational Requirements for Mechanical Engineering
For just starting with your career a student would usually require a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering would just be sufficient; whereas, a master’s degree would be helpful.
The primary focus of the degree is usually in mathematics, physical sciences, engineering and designing courses. Practical applications of engineering principles are taught too. The degree is generally for four years, which is called a bachelor’s degree. Some universities offer dual programs which combine bachelor’s and master’s degree over a five-year period.
In most countries, your degree must be accredited like in the US from Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET), and about 2-4 years of work experience in an examination that is a “must pass” in a government job especially. Many employers give preference to such students as it is usually required to become a licensed professional engineer.
Pros and Cons
Job Flexibility: This job being wide range is one of the most flexible jobs, unlike a specialist that has no choice, but mechanical engineers can, where they can work in a variety of industries including Mechatronics, aerospace, robotics, and manufacturing industries. You can also change your field within mechanical engineering.
This one is the kicker:
High-level Salary and other Benefits: Undoubtedly, Mechanical engineers get paid a lot. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual income of Mechanical engineer is $85,264 along with many benefits that include health, holidays and retirement plans.
Job Opportunities: Abundant opportunities are present all over the world. Every year more jobs are created for mechanical engineers.
Advanced Studies: An engineer can understand nearly every mathematical problem, and also know the basics of many other related subjects which makes them very knowledgeable. Advanced problems and methods are known, and the practical work is fascinating to be engaged with every time. This opens the door to further different job opportunities as well.
Ongoing Education Required: For becoming a successful mechanical engineer and availing all services / high salary in addition to consistent progress and experience you first need to have master’s degree, and often a doctoral degree as well because of the intense competition and rapidly changing technologies.
Travel May Be Required: Travel may be enjoying for some people and a positive sign, but too much travel to the same place becomes boring and annoying as they have to make onsite inspections for the placement of machines or fixing the equipment.
Workload and Stress: Workload can get excessive, and one can feel it as never-ending that is exhausting and frustrating as well.
Competition and Mathematics skills: The competition is very high to get promotions, a lot of hard work and skill is required to level up. Rigorous and end fewer calculations are a part of life.
What are the sub-disciplines of this field?
- Thermodynamics and thermo-science
- Micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS)
- Acoustical Engineering
A looong list!
Who are the popular Employers?
- Automotive and aerospace industries
- Building and construction services
- Nuclear factories
- government agencies
- Medical engineering
- Petrochemical industries
- Processing industries
- Public sector (governmontal agencies)
- Sports engineering
- Transport sector
- Armed forces sector
Made any decision?
If you have a passion for mechanical engineering and after reading the pros and cons, it is up to you that your passion can out weigh the cons. While making this decision it is important to keep in mind that whether you are able to do the job and if you have any uncertainties you can contact mechanical engineers and discuss their job personally with them as this is a one time decision with which you need to stand-by the rest of your whole life in most cases.
There are other fields as well: